I’ve said in the past that one of the best new features, in my view, in 11g was the appearance of proper virtual columns; and I’ve also been very keen on the new “approximate NDV” that makes it viable to collect stats with the “auto_sample_size”.
Who’d have guessed that if you put them both together, then ran a parallel stats collection it would break :(
The bug number Karen quotes (10013177.8) doesn’t (appear to) mention extended stats – but since virtual columns, function-based indexes, and extended stats share a number of implementation details I’d guess that they might be affected as well.
Function-based indexes are wonderful things – but they don’t always work exactly as expected. Here’s an example of one such anomaly.
Imagine you have some type of “orders” table where most orders are in a “finished with” state, and you have a requirement to access the small number of orders in the “new” state. Here’s a sample data set to emulate this type of data requirement (created in 18.104.22.168, 1MB uniform extents, freelist management and 8KB blocks).
create table t1 (
insert into t1
rownum <= 5000
I’ve often been heard to warn people of the accidents that can happen when they forget about the traps that appear when you start allowing columns to be NULL – but sometimes NULLs are good, especially when it helps Oracle understand where the important (e.g. not null) data might be.
An interesting example of this came up on OTN a few months ago where someone was testing the effects of changing a YES/NO column into a YES/NULL column (which is a nice idea because it allows you to create a very small index on the YESes, and avoid creating a histogram to tell the optimizer that the number of YESes is small).
They were a little puzzled, though, about why their tests showed Oracle using an index to find data in the YES/NO case, but not using the index in the YES/NULL case. I supplied a short explanation on the thread, and was planning to post a description on the blog, but someone on the thread supplied a link to AskTom where Tom Kyte had already answered the question, so I’m just going to leave you with a link to his explanation.
It’s very easy to forget that 10g creates statistics on an index as it builds (or rebuilds) the index – and this can lead to some oddities when you add a function-based index (or, as I tend to name them, index on virtual columns) to a table.
This point (along with a couple of other observations) came up in a discussion on OTN a little while ago, with some useful responses from Richard Foote (the “index king”), Christian Antognini (author of “Trouble-shooting Oracle Performance”) and a few others, including me.